The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is among the most typical ID numbers for folks in Mexico. It’s comparable in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, but unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated using the person’s full legal name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number building may also help reveal key information about individuals and allow analysts to simply determine false ID numbers.
Naming Conventions in Latin America
Earlier than we focus on the construction of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.
A person’s given name, also known as a first name, is either a single name, reminiscent of Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with or more names, corresponding to Francisco Enrique.
The given name is adopted by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and material surnames may be compound, however this is less common.
For example, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Department of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding assets for lengthy-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.
If we break down his name into its three elements, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.
Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number
The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It is structured as follows:
Four letters from the person’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First inner vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name
Six numbers which might be the person’s date of birth in YYMMDD format
One letter describing the person’s gender: “H” for male (hombre) and “M” for feminine (mujer)
Two letters which can be the two-letter state abbreviation for the state the place the person was born; if the individual was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation “NE” will likely be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)
Three letters from the particular person’s authorized name: – First inside consonant of the paternal surname – First inside consonant of the maternal surname – First internal consonant of the given name
One character to avoid duplicate CURPs among people who have comparable names, places of start, and dates of delivery; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for people born earlier than 2000 and a letter from A to Z for people born since 2000
One character that may be a checksum
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