Breaking Down the Mexican National ID Number

The National ID Number or CURP (Clave Única de Registro de Población) is likely one of the most common ID numbers for folks in Mexico. It’s comparable in use to the U.S. Social Security Number, however unlike the SSN, it is algorithmically generated using the person’s full legal name and personal information. Understanding Mexican ID Number construction will help reveal key information about individuals and permit analysts to easily identify false ID numbers.

Naming Conventions in Latin America

Before we focus on the construction of CURPs, it is essential to talk about naming conventions in Latin America. In Spanish-speaking jurisdictions, names are typically comprised of three parts.

An individual’s given name, also known as a first name, is either a single name, such as Alejandra, or more commonly a compound name with or more names, comparable to Francisco Enrique.

The given name is followed by the paternal surname, then the maternal surname. Paternal and material surnames can be compound, however this is less common.

For example, let’s look at professional Mexican soccer player Rafael Márquez Álvarez. The U.S. Division of the Treasury sanctioned him in 2017 for serving as a frontman and holding property for long-time drug kingpin Raúl Flores Hernández, the leader of the Flores Drug Trafficking Organization.

If we break down his name into its three components, his given name is Rafael, his paternal surname is Márquez, and his maternal surname is Álvarez.

Deciphering the Mexican National ID Number

The Mexican National ID Number (CURP) is an eighteen character alphanumeric code. It is structured as follows:

Four letters from the individual’s authorized name: – First letter of the paternal surname – First inner vowel of the paternal surname – First letter of the maternal surname – First letter of the given name

Six numbers which might be the particular person’s date of start in YYMMDD format

One letter describing the person’s gender: “H” for male (hombre) and “M” for female (mujer)

Two letters that are the two-letter state abbreviation for the state where the particular person was born; if the individual was born outside of Mexico, the abbreviation “NE” will probably be used for Nacido en el Extranjero (born abroad)

Three letters from the person’s authorized name: – First inside consonant of the paternal surname – First internal consonant of the maternal surname – First internal consonant of the given name

One character to avoid duplicate CURPs among individuals who have related names, places of birth, and dates of start; the character is a number that ranges from zero to 9 for folks born earlier than 2000 and a letter from A to Z for people born since 2000

One character that may be a checksum

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What is a CURP and the way do I get one

Should you’re thinking of living in Mexico (really living and never just snowbirding), you will have and need to get yourself a CURP. You’ve likely heard of the time period and have been told you need a CURP to be able to…..(blah, blah, blah…fill in blank). That’s because it’s one of the vital essential items of Mexican identification you can get.

What is a CURP?

CURP stands for Clave Única de Registro de Población. It’s a mixture of an 18 digit/letter key of your initials and start date used to reference you inside authorities systems. It is your personal identification number in Mexico. There are 44 completely different areas of the Mexican authorities that require a CURP.

A CURP is commonly automatically assigned by INM (Instituto Nacional de Migración) on your second residency renewal (just look on the front of your INM card), nevertheless, in case you require a CURP before then, you possibly can apply for one via INM.

How do I get one?

Your nearest Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM) office is the ONLY place you can apply for a CURP. To get a CURP, you must have your INM documents in order. There isn’t any charge to use for a CURP.

Why do I want a CURP?

When you intend to live right here and utilize any authorities services (and even some non-authorities providers) such because the registry of a vehicle or a local cell phone or to utilize Mexican healthcare or even open an area bank account, you will have a CURP. Once the key is assigned to your name, you may print it yourself when needed. While you enter your CURP on the website, this page will appear with your name and information.

You can then click download (descargar pdf) to a PDF and get the official version that can be utilized in authorities agencies. It looks like this. I have whited-out my personal data, but you may see what the official CURP doc looks like (which would have your name and numbers on it).

It is dated, has a bar code, two Q.R. scan codes, the initial date of issue, a folio number and the name of the present government head. Although the net version is in colour, the document printed and introduced in black and white is settle forable.

All this information is included in your CURP printout along with right now’s date and paragraphs of data verifying to the federal government agency to whom you propose to present this copy, that it is legitimate and up to date.

It’s imperative that you simply understand the federal government CURP design adjustments every year.

Government businesses will only accept the most recent (updated) printout model of the federal government CURP, so it’s a good suggestion to bookmark the website for future use.

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